Founded originally as an affiliated college of the University of Calcutta in 1878, Rangoon College was established under British rule. Its name changed to Government College in the early 1900s and then again in 1920 to University College. In that same year, the secular University College merged with the Baptist-affiliated Judson College to become Rangoon University. Judson Baptist church, in memory of Adoniram Judson an early nineteenth century American missionary who wrote the first Burmese – English dictionary, is still situated on the campus. All subsequent institutions of higher learning founded by the British were under Rangoon University’s administration until 1958, when Mandalay College became an independent university. Rangoon University became one of the most prestigious universities in Southeast Asia, attracting students from across the region.

During the Second World War the Japanese army took over the University and used the buildings for their offices.
Myanmar gained independence from British rule in 1948 and this was a golden period for Rangoon University, until the military coup in 1962.
The 1964 University Education Act separated several professional departments from the university, establishing them as separate universities: the University of Medicine, the University of Economics, the University of Technology, and the University of Education. At that point, the university was renamed Rangoon Arts and Sciences University, concerned only with liberal arts, sciences and law. In 1989, the university was renamed University of Yangon. Students from Rangoon University protested against British colonial rule and the Rangoon Act of the University of Rangoon in 1920. This strike started at the university and roused countrywide awareness of national identity and opposition to British colonial policies. Myanmar National Day commemorates the 1920 student strike at Rangoon University. Further nationwide anti-colonial strikes followed in 1936 and 1938, all beginning at the university. On 4 January 1948 Burma became an independent country, thanks in part to student-led actions.


Faculty Members & Admin Staff

No. Members Total
1 Rector 1
2 Pro-rector 4
3 Professor 92
4 Associate Professor 65
5 Lecturer 102
6 Assistant Lecturer 35
7 Tutor/Demonstrator 146
8 Total (Admin Staff ) 422
Total Members 862

Student Enrollment (2022-2023 AY)

No. Courses Total
1 PhD students 415
3 MA, MSc students 188
4 BA (Hons:), BSc (Hons:) students 325
5 BA, BSc students 1895
6 Diploma (Eng, Psy, Anthro, Arch, Phy, Geol, IC, LS, CS, SW) 101
7 HRD Diploma (CS, Geol, IR, Law, OS, Geog) 2924

Academic Departments

Academic Departments

  • 21 academic departments, headed by a professor

12 Arts Departments

  • Myanmar, English, History, Law, Philosophy, Psychology, Anthropology, Archaeology, International Relations, Geography, Oriental Studies and Library & Information Studies

9 Science Departments

  • Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, Zoology, Botany, Industrial Chemistry, Geology, Computer Studies and Environment and Water Studies

Degrees Offered

  • Yangon University is now an institution for undergraduate & postgraduate studies offering the following degrees:
    1. BA & BSc (Dec, 2013)
    2. Postgraduate Diploma
    3. BA (Hons), BSc (Hons)
    4. MA, MSc
    5. PhD
  • Academic Year begins in December and ends in September.
  • Two semesters in each AY.
  • First semester is from December to March and Second semester, from June to September.

Human Resource Development Programme (HRD)

  • Since 1998 University of Yangon has conducted the Human Resource Development Programme.
  • Under this programme, YU provides Dip. Courses (in CS, Geol, IR, Law, OS, Geog, Hist) to nurture the technicians and intellectuals needed by the community.

HRD Master Courses

  • Computer Science (Web Based Teaching System)
  • Business Law

Doctorate Programme

  • Yangon University initiated doctorate courses in the 1994-95 AY.
  • As of 2022 Yangon University has produced 5,202 PhD graduates.
  • At present, 415 PhD candidates (in research) are conducting research in various disciplines.

HRD Postgraduate Diploma Courses

  • International Law, Business Law, Maritime Law, Intellectual Property Law
  • Geographic Information System (GIS)
  • International Relations, Political Science
  • Gem Identification
  • Computer Science, Computer Application
  • Oriental Studies
  • Myanmar History and Culture
  • Creative Writing and Editing, Myanmar Language Proficiency for Foreigners
  • Applied Physics