Introduction and History

The Department of Botany was established in 1955, having previously been part of the university’s Biology department, founded in 1920.
The Department is located in the South and North Wings of the Science building. The Departmental office, the library, the practical rooms, the research laboratories and preparation rooms are all situated on the second floor of the main Science building and the Botany theatre and Herbarium are on the ground floor, east of the Botany Garden.

Academic Information:

The academic experiences of teaching and research provided by Botany Department staff lead on to practical work of assessing plants which are indispensible for the existence of other living beings on earth.


1. Microbiology
2. Horticulture
3. Tissue Culture
4. Pharmacognosy
5. Environmental Science
6. Biotechnology

The University of Yangon’s Department of Botany collaborates in research with Thepsatri Rajabhat University, Thailand in “Biodiversity of culinary herbs and Ethnobotanical Studies”; with the Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology in “Bio-Prospecting for Biological Materials Of Myanmar”; and in Genetics, Biotechnology and Biochemistry of plants with Nagoya University.
At the invitation of the Department of Botany, professors, researchers and experts from oversea universities have give seminars, shared their knowledge and demonstrated some practical work for academic and research development.

2017-2018 Academic Year


The Bachelor degree’s curriculum is designed to help students develop the botanical skills and insights to live successfully and to serve their country effectively after graduation.
Undergraduate courses
Bachelor of Science in Botany is a four year degree programme that provides students with a strong background in the various aspects of Botany. The curriculum covers:
Year 1: Plant Biology and Basic Concepts of Applied Botany
Year 2: Survey of the Plant Kingdom, Angiosperms, Genetics, Ecology, Horticulture
Year 3: Medicinal Plants, Plant Cytology and Anatomy, Plant Physiology, Environmental Biology, Cell Biology, Cytogenetics, Biodiversity and Conservation
Year 4: Plant Systematics, Biochemistry, Plant Biotechnology, Pharmacognosy, Microbiology, Applied Ecology, Applied Microbiology and Biostatistics.

Bachelor (Honours) Botany students cover:
Year 1: Medicinal Plants, Plant Cytology and Anatomy, Plant Physiology, Environmental Biology, Cell Biology, Cytogenetics, Biodiversity and Conservation (the same courses offered in the 3rd year of the ordinary degree, above).
Year 2: Plant Systematics, Applied Ecology, Pharmacognosy, Microbiology, Biochemistry, Applied Microbiology, Biostatistics, Plant Biotechnology (the same courses as in Year 4 above).
Year 3: Industrial Microbiology, Advanced Plant Physiology, Advanced Pharmacognosy, Molecular Genetics, Plant Geography, Industrial Economic Plants, Enzymology, Ethnobotany and Environmental Education and Ethics.
Environmental Science is also offered by the Botany Department. Students who pass the second year of any specialization may enroll in this programme.

Botany specialization covers:
Evolutionary Survey of the Plant Kingdom, Principles of Taxonomy, Pharmacognosy, Environmental Science, Cell Biology, Embryology and Morphogenesis, Plant Geography, Plant Microbiology, Research Methods and Basic Techniques, Biodiversity and Conservation, Plant Biochemistry, Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Genetics and Evolution

Microbiology specialization covers:
Interaction of Plants and Microbes, Yeast Microbiology, Microbial Deterioration of Materials, Microbiology of Fermented Food, Advanced Bacterial Genetics and Advanced Cell and Molecular Biology.

A Botany major PhD covers the following areas in seminars and literature survey:
Principles and Concepts of Theories on Plant Groups and their Evolution, Pharmacology, Anatomy, Cytology, Analytical Methods and Biometrics, Molecular Cell Biology, Microbiology and Biotechnology, Plant Pathology, Biostatistics, General Techniques, Research Projects.
A Microbiology PhD covers:
Pharmaceutical and Industrial Microbiology, Microbial Diversity and its Environmental Application.

PhD Dissertation
PhD candidates’ performance is continuously monitored in course work as well as in their research and presentations of scientific data. PhD students present the results of their research findings in draft manuscript submission and gain approval of their manuscript by defending it. Candidates undertake postgraduate research in Microbiology, Pharmacognosy, Environmental Science, Horticulture, Taxonomy, Anatomy, Biochemistry, Limnology, Mycology, Pathology, Physiology, Ecophysiology, Ethnobotany, Genetics and Cytogenetics.