Background and History

Dept. of Geology & Geography founded in 1920 at the Rangoon University

Teaching of Geology began in 1923, but there were no Myanmar geologists at all before WW II.

Teaching  Geology was started earnestly only after WW II, under the guidance of Professor Dr Tha Hla

An independent Department of geology was formed in 1948 after the Independence.

 

Recent Field of Research

  • Regional Geology: Tectonics, Stratigraphy of selected regions, Structural Geology
  • Petroleum Geology, Sedimentology and Sequence Stratigraphy: Reservoir Properties, Remain Potential, Sedimentary Facies & Depositional Environment, Sequence Stratigraphy, Basin Analysis, Recent Sedimentation
  • Paleontology: Biostratigraphy, Paleobiogeography, Paleodepositional Environments
  • Petrology: Igneous Petrology, Metamorphic Petrology, Petrochemistry and Petrogenesis
  • Economic and Mining Geology: Metal Mining (Ore Deposits), Resource Geology (Raw Materials), Mineral Exploration (GC and GP)
  • Mineralogy and Gemology: Petrographic Mineralogy,Origin of Gemstone Deposits, Mineralogy and Gemology of Gem Mine Areas
  • Hydrogeology: Water Quality Analysis, Aquifer Types,  Salt Water Intrusion,Arsenic Contamination
  • Engineering Geology: Foundation Analysis, Landslides Potential, Engineering Geological Analyses for Dams

 Organizing Conference and Workshops

  • The 7th AUN/SEED-Net Geological Engineering Conference and the 2nd AUN/SEED-Net Natural Disaster Conference, 2014
  • The 7th Asia-Africa Mineral Resources Conference , 2017
  • PhD Thesis Supervision by Australian National University,2016, 2017
  •  Water Chemistry Collaboration with University of Oxford, 2017
  • Workshop focus on Mineral Resources Jointly with Myanmar Applied Earth Science Association (MAESA), 2017
  • Conference and 4th Steering Committee Meeting of CABAKAT Project, 2018

 International Partner (Research, Training Course and Lecturing)

  • Kyushu University, Japan
  • Akita University, Japan
  • Hokkaido University, Japan
  • University of Washington (Research on Myanmar Paleoclimate and Geodynamics Research Group), USA
  • Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, USA
  • Australian National University, Australia
  • Australian Society of Exploration Geophysics, Australia
  • University of Oxford, England
  • University of Peradeniya,   Srilanka
  • Chulalaungkon University, Thailand
  • Asian Institute of Technology, Thailand
  • Technische Hoscule Georg Agricola, Germany
  • Think Tank, Project Management and Consulting Co.Ltd, Switzerland
  •  Water Challenges, Netherland

1. Paleontology (including Stratigraphy and related fields)
2. Sedimentology (including Petroleum Geology)
3. Economic Geology (including Exploration Geology and Related fields)
4. Regional Geology (including Tectonics and related fields)
5. Petrology (including Mineralogy and related fields)
6. Engineering Geology (including Hydrogeology and related fields)

Dr Htay Lwin Professor

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Daw Thandar Sein Lecturer

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Dr Thida Oo Lecturer

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Daw New Ni Hlaing Lecturer

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Dr May Thwe Aye Lecture

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Dr Tun Naing Zaw Lecture

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Daw Myo Thu Soe Lecturer

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Dr Myo Zaw Set Lecturer

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U Kyaw Naing Tun Assistant Lecturer

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Dr Tin Moe Zar Chi Assistant Lecturer

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U Thae Naung Lwin Assistant Lecturer

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Daw Zin Mar Kyaw Assistant Lecturer

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Dr Khine Zar Wai Assistant Lecturer

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Daw Yu Yu San Assistant Lecturer

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Daw Myat Kay Thi Assistant Lecturer

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U Sai Yar Zar Soe Assistant Lecturer

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Daw Moh Moh Khaing Assistant Lecturer

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Daw Zin Mar Lwin Assistant Lecturer

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Daw Phyo Phyo Zin Assistant Lecturer

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Daw Naw Chel Phaw Assistant Lecturer

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Daw Thazin Htet Tin Demonstrator

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Daw Khin Kyawt Kyawt Oo Demonstrator

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Daw Khin Chan Myae Cherry Maung Demonstrator

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Daw Thin Thiri Chaw Demonstrator

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Dr Wai Yan Lai Aung Demonstrator

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Curriculum

FIRST YEAR                                            SEMESTER  I

 

FIRST YEAR                                            SEMESTER  II

 

SECOND YEAR                                            SEMESTER  I

 

SECOND  YEAR                                            SEMESTER  II

THIRD  YEAR                                            SEMESTER  I

 

THIRD  YEAR                                            SEMESTER  II

 

FOURTH YEAR                                            SEMESTER  I

 

FOURTH YEAR                                            SEMESTER  II

 

REGIONAL  GEOLOGY  SPECIALIZATION

FIRST YEAR                                            SEMESTER  I

1.Module No: Geol 611R

Geomorphology with special reference to air-photo interpretation; Techniques of air-photo interpretation in geology; Air-photo interpretation of depositional landforms; Structural interpretation of air-photos; Sensor principles and capabilities, specific properties of images and records. Remote-sensing in geologic mapping; Remote sensing in Applied Geology; Remote sensing as an aid in development and the evaluation of natural hazards. Type of images and image processing methods.

2.Module No: Geol 612R  

Micropaleontology; Ichnology; Conodonts

3.Module No: Geol 613R  

Current trends in structural geology; Stress  and strain in two dimensions; Behaviour of rock deformation; Rock behavior under experimental conditions; Dynamics of faulting; Analysis of macro-structures; Petrofabrics; Morphotectonics.

4.Module No: Geol 614R  

Petrographic methods- a review; Modern classification and nomenclature of hard rocks; Genetic types of granitoids; Granitoid rocks of Myanmar; Metamorphic facies and facies series- a review; Metamorphic Epochs and Metamorphic Belts of Myanmar; Geochemical Cycles.

FIRST YEAR                                            SEMESTER II

1.Module No: Geol 621R

Overview and general consideration; Nature and aspects of various geologic hazards:-hazards from earthquakes, hazards from volcanic eruption, hazards from ground failures, ways and means of mitigating these hazards; Earthquake prediction and control; Proper use and care for Earth resources:-groundwater resources, mineral resources, fossil fuel, soil; Geologic condition for proper waste disposal; Use of environmental potential maps in regional planning; Disaster Management and Risk Reduction.

2.Module No: Geol 622R

Recent advances in plate tectonics; Magmatism, metamorphism, sedimentation and metallogeny along different plate boundaries; Origin of marginal basins; Collision tectonics of India and Eurasia; Geodynamics of South-east Asia.

3.Module No: Geol 623R

Introduction and general consideration; Principles and problems of classification of sedimentary rocks; Clay minerals; Mud rocks; Turbidites, Flysch; Molasses; Sedimentation as ore genesis; Applied sedimentation.

Sedimentary environments and facies: – alluvial, deltaic, estuarine, clastic shoreline, carbonate platform, bathyal, abyssal, trench; Carbonate petrography; Carbonate microfacies analysis; Organism and sediments; Phosphate; Bedded chert.

4.Module No: Geol 624R

Stratigraphic invertebrate paleontology of the Paleozoic, Mesozoic, and Cenozoic rock sequences; Sedimentologic and stratigraphic application of selected groups of the invertebrates and microfossils; Depo-environments.

(OR)

Geology of the Moon; Mineral belts and mineral epochs of  Myanmar;  Mineralization at spreading centers; Quaternary stratigraphy of South-East Asia; Theory of evolution- a critical review; and other current topics.

DISTRIBUTION OF MARKS 

 

SECOND YEAR                      SEMESTER I

1.Module No: Geol 631R

2.Module No: Geol 632R

SECOND YEAR                       SEMESTER II

1. Module No: Geol 641R

2.Module No: Geol 642R

DISTRIBUTION OF MARKS

 

PETROLOGY  SPECIALIZATION

FIRST YEAR                                      SEMESTER  I

1.Module No: Geol 611PT

Abundance and geochemical classification of elements; Radioactivity and geochronology; Thermodynamics; Crystallization in igneous rocks melts.

2.Module No: Geol 612PT

Micropaleontology; Ichnology; Conodonts(OR) Orthoscopic and conoscopic studies of minerals; Review of silicate structure; Isomorphism and polymorphism in minerals; Solid solution in mineral groups; Systematic microscopic study of all important rock-forming mineral groups with emphasis on feldspar, pyroxene, micas ,aluminosilicates and garnets.

3.Module No: Geol 613PT

Current trends in structural geology; Stress  and strain in two dimensions; Behaviour of rock deformation; Rock behavior under experimental conditions; Dynamics of faulting; Analysis of macro-structures; Petrofabrics; Morphotectonics.

4.Module No: Geol 614PT

Petrographic methods- a review; Modern classification and nomenclature of hard rocks; Genetic types of granitoids; Granitoid rocks of Myanmar; Metamorphic facies and facies series- a review; Metamorphic Epochs and Metamorphic Belts of Myanmar; Geochemical Cycles.

FIRST YEAR                                      SEMESTER  II

1.Module No: Geol 621PT

Element association in igneous rocks and minerals. Geochemistry of metamorphic processes; Sedimentary geochemistry; The hydrosphere; Atmosphere.

2.Module No: Geol 622PT

Historical development of petrology; Petrogenetic models; Experimental petrology and its uses; Origin of granitic and basaltic magmas; Magma association in relation to plate tectonic settings; Carbonatites; Metamorphism in relation to plate convergence.

3.Module No: Geol 623PT

Introduction and general consideration; Principles and problems of classification of sedimentary rocks; Clay minerals; Mud rocks; Turbidites, Flysch; Molasses; Sedimentation as ore genesis; Applied sedimentation.

Sedimentary environments and facies: – alluvial, deltaic, estuarine, clastic shoreline, carbonate platform, bathyal, abyssal, trench; Carbonate petrography; Carbonate microfacies analysis; Organism and sediments; Phosphate; Bedded chert.

4.Module No: Geol 624PT

Stratigraphic invertebrate paleontology of the Paleozoic, Mesozoic, and Cenozoic rock sequences; Sedimentologic and stratigraphic application of selected groups of the invertebrates and microfossils; Depo-environments.(OR) Scanning Electron Microscope:- General principles of Electron Microscopy; Image formation and electron diffraction; Sample preparation; Scattering  of electrons by crystalline solids; Electron optical contrast phenomena.    Electron Probe Micro-Analysis:- Instrumentation; The x-ray detection  system; Sample preparation; Qualitative and quantitative analyses;  Standards and calculation of correction factors; Some applications of the method in mineralogy. Introduction; Historical background of geothermometry; Origin of inclusions; Terms and terminology on fluid inclusions; Properties and characteristics of fluid inclusions. Types of inclusions; Instruments and methods of inclusion studies; Inclusion measurements and interpretation of measurements; Application of inclusion studies in various geologic environments; Future of inclusion studies.

DISTRIBUTION OF MARKS

SECOND YEAR                                             SEMESTER  I

1.Module No: Geol 631PT

2.Module No: Geol 632PT

SECOND YEAR                                             SEMESTER  II

1. Module No: Geol 641PT

2. Module No: Geol 642PT

DISTRIBUTION OF MARKS

 

MINERALOGY  SPECIALIZATION

FIRST YEAR                                                       SEMESTER  I

1.Module No: Geol 611M 

Mineral separation techniques; Sampling and preparation; Separation by gravity; Magnetic separation; Miscellaneous methods. X-ray diffraction techniques; Classification of crystals; nature and generation of x-rays; The Laue Method; The powder method; Mineral identification.

2.Module No: Geol 612M 

Orthoscopic and conoscopic studies of minerals. Uniaxial minerals; wave-velocity sufaces, optical indicatrix, interference figures, optic signs. Biaxial minerals; wave-velocity sufaces, optical indicatrix, interference figures, optic signs. Interference colors in relation to thickness and optical orientation; uses of colour chart. Optic orientation of biaxial minerals; construction of orientation diagram. Review of silicate structure; Isomorphism and polymorphism in minerals; Solid solution in mineral groups; Systematic microscopic study of all important rock-forming mineral groups with emphasis on feldspar, pyroxene, micas ,aluminosilicates and garnets. Principles and applications of Universal Stage.

3.Module No: Geol 613M

Ore microscopy (reflected light polarizing microscope); Physical and optical properties of ore minerals; Reflectivity method; Mineralogical analysis; Ore texture; Ore genesis; Description of important ore minerals (elements and intermetallic compounds, common sulphides and sulphates, oxidic ore minerals, gangue minerals).

4.Module No: Geol 614M

Petrographic methods- a review; Modern classification and nomenclature of hard rocks; Genetic types of granitoids; Granitoid rocks of Myanmar; Metamorphic facies and facies series- a review; Metamorphic Epochs and Metamorphic Belts of Myanmar; Geochemical Cycles

FIRST YEAR                                                       SEMESTER  II

1.Module No: Geol 621M

Element association in igneous rocks and minerals. Geochemistry of metamorphic processes; Sedimentary geochemistry; The hydrosphere; Atmosphere.The Phase Rule and heterogeneous equilibrium- a review; important phase equilibrium; System of silicate melts and important metamorphic reactions; Application of these phase equilibrium and reactions in mineralogy.

2. Module No: Geol 622M 

Introduction; Physical properties of gemstones; Light and related phenomena in gemstones; Colour in gemstones; Instruments used in gem testing; Fashioning of gemstones; Synthetic gemstones; Imitation and artificial  treatments; Important gem species and their occurrences:- diamond, ruby and sapphire (corundum), emerald and aquamarine (beryl), spinals, garnets, topaz, tourmaline, chrysoberyl and alexandrite, dunburite, peridot, jadeite and nephrite jade, quartz and silica varieties, feldspars (moonstone, sunstone), pearls, corals, amber.

3.Module No: Geol 623M        

Glasses, enamels and ceramic materials; Building materials; Phosphate and other mineral fertilizers; Mineral commodities (clay, feldspars, manganese minerals, etc).

4. Module No: Geol 624M

Scanning Electron Microscope:- General principles of Electron Microscopy; Image formation and electron diffraction; Sample preparation; Scattering  of electrons by crystalline solids; Electron optical contrast phenomena;  Electron Probe Micro-Analysis:- Instrumentation; The x-ray detection    system; Sample preparation; Qualitative and quantitative analyses; Standards and calculation of correction factors; Some applications of the method in mineralogy. Introduction; Historical background of geothermometry; Origin of inclusions; Terms and terminology on fluid inclusions; Properties and characteristics of fluid inclusions. Types of inclusions; Instruments and methods of inclusion studies; Inclusion measurements and interpretation of measurements; Application of inclusion studies in various geologic environments; Future of  inclusion studies.

DISTRIBUTION OF MARKS

SECOND YEAR                               SEMESTER I

1.Module No: Geol 631PT

2.Module No: Geol 632PT

SECOND YEAR                               SEMESTER II

1. Module No: Geol 641PT

2. Module No: Geol 642PT

DISTRIBUTION OF MARKS 

 

PALEONTOLOGY  SPECIALIZATION

FIRST YEAR                                              SEMESTER  I

1.Module No: Geol 611P

Modern techniques in current research; mass extinction; Species and species problem; Conodonts. Methods of approach; Morphology and classification; Application of conodonts.

2.Module No: Geol 612P

Nature of fossil records and preservability of organic remains; Principles, practice and methods in description of a fossil specimen; Determination and description of ontogenetic variation; Variation in populations and population dynamics; Species, speciation, species problems, formal naming and description of species; Classification and taxonomy; General procedure and outline in identification of fossils; Modes, rates, trends and patterns of evolution, determination of phylogenetic relationships, and extinction.

3.Module No: Geol 613P  

Biometrical methods in the study of invertebrate fossils; Introduction; The role of Biometrics in taxonomy; Basic statistical concepts; Population and sample in paleontology; Univariate analysis; Bivariate analysis: Statistical discrimination: Concepts of variability in bivariate samples. (OR)

Palynology:- Definition. Brief history; Sampling, processing and identification of faunas; Study of pollen assemblages; Determination of chronostratigraphic dating, formation representative and stratigraphic position; Determination of paleoenvironments. Nannoplanktonology:- Definition; Brief history; Methods of study; Sampling and preparation techniques; Identification of Nannofossils; Uses and advantages in application of Nannofossils; Age dating and interpretation of paleoenvironments; Ecology and comparison between forams and Nannofossils.

4.Module No: Geol 614P  

Lower vertebrates :- Ostracoderms;  Paleozoic fishes:- Placodermi and other groups; Aves:-earliest birds- ( birds of Mesozoic Era); Early reptiles:-  marine reptiles, flying reptiles, land reptiles; Early Amphibian; Dinosaurs:- Sauropods, Theropods; Archiac mammals: Primitive mammals, mammals of Tertiary period. Primates:- Lower primates, higher primates, higher Anthropoid primates. Human Paleontology:- evolution of man (from Australopithecus to Homo Sapiens).

FIRST YEAR                                              SEMESTER  II

1.Module No: Geol 621P

Paleoecology: Scope; Methods and materials; Paleoautoecology and Synecology; Fossils and sediments association; Analysis and interpretation of paleo-depositional environments.

Biostratigraphy: Methods and approaches; Fossils as chronostratigraphic tools; Biochronology and evolution; Distribution of fossils in time and space; Paleoclimatological interpretation and paleogeographic aspects.

2.Module No: Geol 622P    

Application of fossil foraminifera; extraction and processing of foraminifera; Classification; Paleoecology of fossil foraminifera: (a) Planktonic and (b) Benthonic larger foraminifera; Systematic study.

Application of fossil conodonts; extraction and processing of conodonts; Classification; Paleoecology of fossil conodonts.

3.Module No: Geol 623P

Introduction and general consideration; Principles and problems of classification of sedimentary rocks; Clay minerals; Mud rocks; Turbidites, Flysch; Molasses; Sedimentation as ore genesis; Applied sedimentation.

Sedimentary environments and facies:- alluvial, deltaic, estuarine, clastic shoreline, carbonate platform, bathyal, abyssal, trench; Carbonate petrography; Carbonate microfacies analysis; Organism and sediments; Phosphate; Bedded chert.

4. Module No: Geol 624P

Stratigraphic invertebrate paleontology of the Paleozoic, Mesozoic, and Cenozoic rock sequences; Sedimentologic and stratigraphic application of selected groups of the invertebrates and microfossils; Depo-environments.

DISTRIBUTION OF MARKS 

SECOND YEAR                        SEMESTER I

1.Module No: Geol 631P

2.Module No: Geol 632P

SECOND YEAR                        SEMESTER II

1. Module No: Geol 641P

2. Module No: Geol 642P

DISTRIBUTION OF MARKS 

 

ENGINEERING  GEOLOGY  SPECIALIZATION

FIRST YEAR                            SEMESTER I

1.Module No: Geol 611EG

Geomorphology with special reference to air-photo interpretation; Techniques of air-photo interpretation in geology; Air-photo interpretation of depositional landforms; Structural interpretation of air-photos; Sensor principles and capabilities, specific properties of images and records. Remote-sensing in geologic mapping; Remote-sensing in Applied Geology; Remote sensing as an aid in development and the evaluation of natural hazards.  Types of images and image processing methods.

Applied Geomorphology:   Development of landforms. Relationship between landform and the underlying geology. Geomorphologic survey and analysis techniques.

2.Module No: Geol 612EG

Basic principles of soil mechanics; Index properties and soil classification; State of stress in soils; Stress-strain behaviour and shear strength; Effective stress concepts and permeability; Compressibility of soils; normally and overconsoildated  soils; Soil compaction. Labiratory tests : Seieve analysis, Liquid limit, plastic limit and other index properties tests, Permeability tests, Triaxial tests, Diert shear test, Standard Proctor Test.

3. Module No: Geol 613EG    

Current trends in Structural Geology. Stress and Strain in two dimensions. Behavior of rock deformation; Rock behavior under experimental conditions. Dynamics of faulting;  Analysis of macro-structures. Petrofabrics. Morphotectonics. Global Tectonics (with special reference to recent developments).

4. Module No: Geol 614EG

Basic principles of rock mechanics; intact rock properties, rock mass and discontinuities, Deformability of rock mass; Rock slope engineering; basic mechanics of slope failures, Graphical presentation of geologic data, geological data collection, Shear strength of rock, Groundwater flow in rock mass, Plane failure, Wedge failure, circular failure, toppling failure.

FIRST YEAR                            SEMESTER II

1.Module No: Geol 621EG

Geological hazards:- seismic risk, landslides, subsidence, floods, erosion, volcanic eruptions, discrete and continuous hazards; event return time, Geological resources and their management; Type of resources use and potential environmental conflict; Resource economic and policy formulation;  Waste disposal and the mineral industry; Reclamation and rehabilitation of land used for extractive purposes:- Swamp drainage; Geology and Urban planning; Map preparation, Multiple land use principle, Aesthetic criteria for landscape evaluation. Environmental impact of dams, roads, explorative and extractive stages of mining; Impact statement techniques, Case studies; Disaster Management and Risk Reduction.

2. Module No: Geol 622EG

Current trends and aspects in advanced hydrogeology. Groundwater and Geotechnological problems.

Techniques and interpretation of shallow seismic refraction. Application of dam-site, highways, depth of weathering, material quality. Electrical Methods; Direct current geoelectric theory; resistivity sounding and profiling with applications to determination to bedrock depth, location of water table, sheared zones, etc. Magnetic, Electromagnetic and Gravity methods applied to engineering and hydrogeology problems; Various geophysical well loggings applied to determination of rock properties and location of clay-filled joints.

3. Module No: Geol 623EG

Subsurface exploration; Site investigation for dams; Highways and other engineering structures; Foundation analysis; Bearing capacity for shallow and deep foundation; Lateral earth pressure; Ground improvement methods; Tunneling; Disaster prevention and management; Earthquakes, Landslides etc.; Current trends and aspects in advanced geotechnology. Engineering Geology of Myanmar: Case-studies on Engineering Geology of dams, highway, bridge construction foundations etc. of Myanmar.

4. Module No: Geol 624EG

Foundation principles: Shallow and deep foundations (spread footing foundation, mat foundation, deep foundation, bearing capacity); Settlements (basic for design methods)

Foundation investigation for dams and other hydraulic structures; High way and airports, bridges, and building;

Seepage through dam foundation: Groundwater control methods; Cutoff trench, sheet piles, diaphragm walls and other methods of controlling seepages;

Foundation and engineering geology in hydropower development: Diversion type power development; Dam type power development;

Foundation Improvement: Grouting, Dental treatment, Rock anchors, and Load transfer;

Geology of tunnels and large underground openings; Foundations on unstable landforms and in seismically active regions

DISTRIBUTION OF MARKS 

SECOND YEAR                       SEMESTER I

1. Module No: Geol 631EG

2.Module No: Geol 632EG

SECOND YEAR                       SEMESTER II

1. Module No: Geol 641EG

2. Module No: Geol 642EG

DISTRIBUTION OF MARKS 

 

PETROLEUM GEOLOGY  SPECIALIZATION

FIRST YEAR                            SEMESTER I

1. Module No: Geol 611PG           

Geomorphology with special reference to air-photo interpretation; Techniques of air-photo interpretation in geology; Air-photo interpretation of depositional landforms; Structural interpretation of air-photos; Sensor principles and capabilities, specific properties of images and records. Remote-sensing in geologic mapping; Remote-sensing in Applied Geology; Remote sensing as an aid in development and the evaluation of natural hazards.  Types of images and image processing methods.

2. Module No: Geol 612PG           

  • The origin  and  formation  of  petroleum
  • The nature  of  oil  and  gas
  • Source rocks  and  reservoir  rocks
  • Hydrocarbon trap  types and  seal
  • Petroleum exploration  methods
  • Well drilling  and  completion
  • Subsurface geology (Well  correlation , constructing  cross-sections , subsurface  geological  maps)
  • Wireline well  logs (Electrical  logs , Radioactivity  logs, Sonic  log)
  • Improved and  enhanced  oil  recovery  methods
  • Oil and  Gas  reserve
  • Nonconventional petroleum   resources (plastic  and solid hydrocarbon, Tar  sands , Oil shales, Coalbed  methane, Shale  gas)
  • Petroleum System

3. Module No: Geol 613PG

Palynology: Definition. Brief history; Sampling, processing and identification of faunas; Study of pollen assemblages; Determination of chronostratigraphic dating, formation representative and stratigraphic position; Determination of paleoenvironments. Nannoplanktonology: Definition; Brief history; Methods of study; Sampling and preparation techniques; Identification of Nannofossils; Uses and advantages in application of Nannofossils; Age dating and interpretation of paleoenvironments; Ecology and comparison between forams and Nannofossils.           (OR)

Current trends in Structural Geology. Stress and Strain in two dimensions. Behavior of rock deformation; Rock behavior under experimental conditions. Dynamics of faulting; Analysis of macro-structures. Petrofabrics. Morphotectonics. Global Tectonics (with special reference to recent developments).

4. Module No: Geol 614PG

Petroleum Geophysics: An advanced course in Petroleum Exploration with emphasis on the techniques and interpretation, GPS, GIS etc.; Laboratory assignments including computer processing of field data and interpretation of  problems. Petroleum Geochemistry: Sample collections; Stratigraphy (rock units); Geostratigraphy laboratory analysis; Organic Analysis, TOC and type, Oil and Gas Analysis; Estimation of  source rocks (Oil kitchen, Migration & trap); Estimation of  oil in place; Risk Analysis.

FIRST YEAR                            SEMESTER II

1. Module No: Geol 621PG

Selected topics on the reservoir geology of giant oil and gas field; Myanmar oil field and its economics.

2. Module No: Geol 622PG              

Application of fossil Foraminifera; Extraction and processing of foraminifera; Classification; Paleoecology of fossil foraminifera: (a) Planktonic and (b) Benthonic larger foraminifera; Systematic study.

Methods and approaches; Fossils as chronostratigraphic tools; Biochronology and evolution; Distribution of fossils in time and space; Paleoclimtological interpretation and paleogeographic aspects; Current trends in Paleontology and Nannoplanktonology.  (OR)   Case studies of Petroleum Geology

3. Module No: Geol 623PG         

Introduction and general consideration; Principles and problems of classification of sedimentary rocks; Clay minerals; Mud rocks; Turbidites, Flysch; Molasses; Sedimentation as ore genesis; Applied sedimentation.

Sedimentary environments and facies:- alluvial, deltaic, estuarine, clastic shoreline, carbonate platform, bathyal, abyssal, trench; Carbonate petrography; Carbonate microfacies analysis; Organism and sediments; Phosphate; Bedded chert.

4. Module No: Geol 624PG

Structural Mapping, Stratigraphy (Biozone & lithology), Well-log Analysis, Reservoir character (contour, fault, fault blocks, formation water analysis, Lab: data (porosity, Permeability, formation water); Oil & gas character in trap; Decline rate and risk analysis; Primary recovery and Secondary Process.

DISTRIBUTION OF MARKS

SECOND  YEAR                      SEMESTER I

1. Module No: Geol 631PG

2. Module No: Geol 632PG

SECOND  YEAR                      SEMESTER II

1. Module No: Geol 641PG

2. Module No: Geol 642PG

DISTRIBUTION OF MARKS

 

HYDROGEOLOGY  SPECIALIZATION

FIRST YEAR               SEMESTER I

1. Module No: 611HG

Geomorphology with special reference to air-photo interpretation; Techniques of air-photo interpretation in geology; Air-photo interpretation of depositional landforms; Structural interpretation of air-photos; Sensor principles and capabilities, specific properties of images and records. Remote-sensing in geologic mapping; Remote-sensing in Applied Geology; Remote sensing as an aid in development and the evaluation of natural hazards.  Types of images and image processing methods. Applied Geomorphology: Development of landforms. Relationship between landform and the underlying geology. Geomorphologic survey and analysis techniques.

2. Module No: Geol 612HG

Hydrologic cycle. Groundwater hydraulics. Hydrochemistry of groundwater. Recent advances in hydrogeology.

3. Module No: Geol 613HG          

Current trends in Structural Geology. Stress and Strain in two dimensions. Behavior of rock deformation; Rock behavior under experimental conditions. Dynamics of faulting;  Analysis of macro-structures. Petrofabrics. Morphotectonics. Global Tectonics (with special reference to recent developments).

4. Module No: Geol 614HG

Current trends and aspects in advanced hydrogeology. Groundwater and Geotechnological problems.

Hydrogeology of Myanmar: Case studies on Hydrogeology of Myanmar.

FIRST YEAR               SEMESTER II

1. Module No: Geol 621HG

Geological hazards:- seismic risk, landslides, subsidence, floods, erosion, volcanic eruptions, discrete and continuous hazards; event return time, Geological resources and their management; Type of resources use and potential environmental conflict; Resource economic and policy formulation; Waste disposal and the mineral industry; Reclamation and rehabilitation of  land used for extractive purposes:- Swamp drainage; Geology and Urban planning; Map preparation, Multiple land use principle, Aesthetic criteria for landscape evaluation. Environmental impact of dams, roads, explorative and extractive stages of mining; Impact statement techniques; Case studies; Disaster Management and Risk Reduction.

2. Module No: Geol 622HG

Sources of Salinity , Measures of Water Quality, Chemical Analysis, Graph Representations, Physical Analysis, Biological Analysis, Groundwater Samples, Water Quality Criteria, Changwgs in Chemical Composition, Dissolved Gases, Temperature, Saline Groundwater. Techniques and interpretation of shallow seismic refraction. Application of dam-site, highways, depth of weathering, material quality. Electrical Methods; Direct current geoelectric theory; resistivity sounding and profiling with applications to determination to bedrock depth, location of water table, sheared zones, etc. Magnetic, Electromagnetic and Gravity methods applied to engineering and hydrogeology problems; various geophysical well loggings applied to determination of rock properties and location of clay-filled joints.

3 . Name of Module: Groundwater Engineering  (or)   Sedimentology

Water Wells, Test Holes and Well Logs, Methods for Construction Shallow Wells, Methods or Drilling Deep Wells, Well Completion, Well Development, Testing Wells for Yield, Well Rehabilitation, Horizontal Wells. Concepts of Basin Management, Equation of Hydrologic Equilibrium, Groundwater Basin Investigations, Data Collection and Fieldwork, Alternative Basin Yields, Evaluation of Penennial Yield, Salt Balance, Basin Management by Conjunctive Use, Examples of Groundwater Management. (OR) Introduction and general consideration; Principles and problems of classification of sedimentary rocks; Clay minerals; Mud rocks; Turbidites, Flysch; Molasses; Sedimentation as ore genesis; Applied sedimentation. Sedimentary environments and facies:- alluvial, deltaic, estuarine, clastic shoreline, carbonate platform, bathyal, abyssal, trench; Carbonate petrography; Carbonate microfacies analysis; Organism and sediments; Phosphate; Bedded chert.

4. Module No: Geol 624HG

Evaluation of bounded aquifers, wedge-shaped and sloping aquifers, Anisotropic aquifers, Multi-layered aquifer systems and partial penetrating wells; well performance tests. Index properties and soil classification; Hydraulic conductivity.

DISTRIBUTION OF MARKS

SECOND YEAR                         SEMESTER I

1. Module No: Geol 631HG

2. Module No: Geol 632HG

SECOND YEAR                        SEMESTER II

1. Module No: Geol 641HG

2. Module No: Geol 642HG

DISTRIBUTION OF MARKS

 

ECONOMIC AND MINING GEOLOGY  SPECIALIZATION)

FIRST YEAR                        SEMESTER I

1. Module No: Geol 611EMG

Geomorphology with special reference to air-photo interpretation; Techniques of air-photo interpretation in geology; Air-photo interpretation of depositional landforms; Structural interpretation of air-photos; Sensor principles and capabilities, specific properties of images and records. Remote-sensing in geologic mapping; Remote-sensing in Applied Geology; Remote sensing as an aid in development and the evaluation of natural hazards.  Types of images and image processing methods.

2. Module No: Geol 612EMG

Provides a basic introduction to mining. Includes the unique characteristics of the mining industry. Surface and underground mining methods and the unit operations of drilling, blasting, loading and haulage. Myanmar Mines Law is studied. Introduces the role of a mine geologist and the applications of geologic principles to mining practice. Underground and open pit mine mapping and solving of typical problems encountered in the mining industry. Covers mine sampling techniques and ore reserve estimation methods.  Includes placer sampling and sampling of drill holes. Calculation of the tonnage factor, recovery, the concentration ratio and the value of the run of mine ore.

A general survey of mineral processing technology and topics include crushing, grinding, sizing, screening, thickening, classification, floatation and leaching.

3. Module No: Geol 613EMG

Ore Mineralogy: A detailed treatment of the ore minerals, their physical, chemical and optical properties, and their relation to each other in ores.  Laboratory work includes the identification of minerals by optical, microchemical and X-ray methods, and study of paragenesis of mineral suites from selected mining districts of Myanmar.

Industrial Mineralogy: Glasses, enamels and ceramic materials; Building materials; Phosphate and other mineral fertilizers; Mineral commodities (clay, feldspars, manganese minerals, etc).

4. Module No: Geol 614EMG

The study of the styles, characteristics of metallic ore deposits.  Theories of their origin and their implications related to known occurrences. Ore deposits models of the major types of deposits.  The lecture series include detailed description of classical mining districts throughout the world.

Studies probability distributions, sampling distributions, estimation and hypotheses testing, regression and correlation.

FIRST YEAR                        SEMESTER II

1. Module No: Geol 621EMG

Geological hazards:- seismic risk, landslides, subsidence, floods, erosion, volcanic eruptions, discrete and continuous hazards; event return time, Geological resources and their management; Type of resources use and potential environmental conflict; Resource economic and policy formulation; Waste disposal and the mineral industry; Reclamation and rehabilitation of  land used for extractive purposes:- Swamp drainage; Geology and Urban planning; Map preparation, Multiple land use principle, Aesthetic criteria for landscape evaluation. Environmental impact of dams, roads, explorative and extractive stages of mining; Impact statement techniques; Case studies; Disaster Management and Risk Reduction.

2. Module No: Geol 622EMG

Exploration Geochemistry: Lectures deal with various geochemical environments, sample media, sample preparation, analytical methods, control of contamination and error problems.  Laboratory work includes layout of exploration programs, sample collection and data analysis using geostatistical computer programs.

Exploration Geophysics: Studies methods of geophysical exploration with emphasis on the fundamental theory of measurement of the physical properties of the earth.  The major methods used in geophysical prospecting and the instruments used are studied.

3. Module No: Geol 623EMG

A detailed study of the mining districts of Myanmar which includes the Bawdwin, Yadanatheingi and Bawsaing lead districts, Monywa and Shangalon porphyry copper deposits, the Mawchi tin lodes and the Kyaukpahto, Thabeikkyin and Pyinmana goldfields. Covers the occurrence, distribution, origin and economic importance of nonmetallic deposits.  Studies the nonmetallic mining industry of Myanmar.

4. Module No: Geol 624EMG

Case studies on Economic Mineral Deposits of Myanmar

DISTRIBUTION OF MARKS

SECOND YEAR                      SEMESTER I

1. Module No: Geol 631EMG

2. Module No: Geol 632EMG

SECOND YEAR                      SEMESTER II

1. Module No: Geol 641EMG

2. Module No: Geol 642EMG

DISTRIBUTION OF MARKS

 

 

PALEONTOLOGY SPECIALIZATION

Total Hour  –  24

SYLLABUS

Geol  711P              Biochronology & Paleoecology

 Biochronology

  1. Introduction to Biostratigraphy
  2. Biostratigraphic Zones
  3. Bio-and Chronostratigraphic Units]
  4. Correlation of Biostratigraphic Zones
  5. Geochronology anf Radiometric Dating Methods

Paleoecology

  1. Paleoautecology and Paleosynecology
  2. Evidence of Organic Activities in Rock-layers
  3. Relationships among biological communities
  4. Comparison with modern species
  5. Environmental Associates
  6. Evolution of communities through Stratigraphic Record

Geol  712P              Advanced Invertebrate Paleontology

  1. Application of Invertebrate Paleontology to geological problems
  2. Use of Paleozoic and Mesozoic Index fossil species and fossil assemblages in dating, correlation, and stratigraphical subdivision
  3. Taxonomic principles and methods used in generic and specific level identification of macro and microfossils

 

Geol  713P              Vertebrate Paleontology & Paleobotany

Vertebrate Paleontology

  1. Human Paleontology
  2.  Stratigraphic Vertebrate Paleontology
  3.  Selected Vertebrate Paleontology
  4.  Selected Topics and Assignment

Geol   714P     Micropaleontology

  1.      Systematic study of Foraminifera and their biostratigraphic significance with a special reference to Myanmar, and Myanma fusulinids.
  2.      Introduction to Conodonta.

*  Four term papers and seminars are required; at least two should be from Module No. 711P

 

ECONOMIC GEOLOGY SPECIALIZATION

Total Hour  –  24

SYLLABUS

Geol  711ECG                Economic Geology

  1. Principles, Types of ore deplosits (Myanmar examples)
  2. Ore deposit models
  3. Ore microscopy
  4. Mineralization in relation to rock type
  5. Mineralization in relation to plate tectonic settings
  6. Analytical methods.

Geol  712ECG                Mining Geology

  1. Uses of geologic principls in ore-rearch
  2. Sampling and estimation of ore reserves
  3. Mining and processing methods
  4. Mineral economic and evaluation.

Geol  713ECG                Geophysics

  1. Theorectical Geophysics
  2. Exploration Geophysics
  3. Data acquisition and analysis

Geol  714ECG                Geochemistry

  1. Principles:  Thermodynamics, Phase rule and equilibrium, Solution chemistry
  2. Ion exchange, geochemical environments
  3. Applied Geochemical methods:  geothermometry, geobarometry, fluid inclusion study, isotopic study-stable isotopes and radiometric isotopes.
  4. Exploration Geochemistry.

*  Four term papers and seminars are required; at least two should be from Module No. 711ECG

 

SEDIMENTOLOGY  SPECIALIZATION

Total Hour  –  24

SYLLABUS

Geol  711S        Selected Topics in Sedimentology

  1. Sedimentation and plate tectonics
  2. Current trends in sedimentology
  3. Global sea level changes and its effect on local sedimentary environments
  4. Modern techniques in sedimentology
  5. Sedimentary basins in Myanmar
  6. Trace fossils and sedimentary environments
  7. Sequence stratigraphy

Geol  712S        Geochemistry of sediments

  1. Isotope geochemistry and sedimentary environment
  2. Thermodynamics
  3. Oxidation and reduction potential of sedimentary environments
  4. Sedimentary geochemistry

Geol  713S        Sedimentology of clastic and non-clastic rocks

  1. Composition
  2. Texture and structure
  3. Classification
  4. Origin

Geol  714S        Sedimentation and sedimentary environments

  1. Sedimentation and sedimentary environments
  2. Recent sedimentation
  3. Applied sedimentation
  4. Sedimentary facies and basin modeling

*  Four term papers and seminars are required; at least two should be from Module No. 711S

 

REGIONAL GEOLOGY  SPECIALIZATION

Total Hour  –  24

SYLLABUS

Geol  711R   Structural Geology & Tectonic

  1.  Advanced Structural Geology-Some Selected Topics
  2.  Structural Petrology and Petrofabrics
  3.  Recent Advances in Global Tectonics
  4.  Geodynamics of India-Asia Collision
  5.  Regional Neotectonics & Seismicity of Myanmar-Reciew and Problems

Geol  712R   Petrology & Economic Geology

  1.  Advanced Igneous Petrology-Some Selected Topics
  2.  Advanced Metamorphic Petroloty-Some Selected Topics
  3.  Economic Mineral Deposits of Myanmar-A Brief Review

Geol  713R   Sedimentology & Stratigraphy

  1.  Clastic Petrography
  2.  Carbonate Petrography
  3.  Facies and Microfacies
  4.  Sequence Stratigraphy

Geol  714R   Paleontology

  1.  Biostratigraphy
  2.  Paleoecology
  3.  Micropaleontology (OR) Vertebrate Paleontology

*Four term papers and seminars are required; at least two should be from Module No. 711R

 

PETROLOGY  SPECIALIZATION

Total Hour  –  24

SYLLABUS

Geol  711PT         Advanced Igneous Petrology

  1. Principles
  2. Recent Advances
  3. Igneous Petrology of Myanmar

Geol  712PT         Advanced Metamorphic Petrology

  1. Principles
  2. Recent Advances
  3. Metamorphic Petrology of Myanmar

Geol  713PT         Geochemistry for Petrology

  1. Principles
  2. Experimental Petrology
  3. Applications

Geol  714PT         Selected Topics in Petrology

  1. History of Petrology
  2. Plate Tectonics & Petrology
  3. Ore Deposits & Rocks
  4. Structural Petrology
  5. Extra-terrestrial Petrology

*  Four term papers and seminars are required; at least two should be from Module No. 711PT

 

ENGINEERING GEOLOGY  SPECIALIZATION

Total Hour  –  24

SYLLABUS

Geol  711EG          Advanced Geotechnology

  1. Advanced Soil Mechanic
  2. Advanced Rock Mechanic
  3. Instrumentation

Geol  712EG        Engineering Geology

  1. Foundation Geology and Design
  2. Advanced Engineering Geology
  3. Application of Engineering Geology in Environmental Science

Geol  713EG        Groundwater Related Problems in Geotechnical Engineering

  1. The Study of Soil-Water in the State of Static Equilibrium
  2. The Study of Soil-Water in the State of Dyanmic Equilibrium(concepts, methods, determination processes of both field and laboratory)
  3. Seepage Analysis and FilterDesign

Geol  714EG        Advanced Structural Geology and Engineering Mathematics

  1. Limits, Dervatives
  2. Integration of Algebraic Functions and Transcendental Functions
  3. Plane Analytic Geometry, Partial Differential, Multiple Integration and solution of Ordinary Linear Differential Equations
  4. Advanced Structural Geology

*  Four term papers and seminars are required; at least two should be from Moduke No. 711EG

 

HYDROGEOLOGY SPECIALIZATION

Total Hour  –  24

SYLLABUS

Geol  711HG          Geotechnical Engineering and Groundwater

  1. Principles of soil mechanics rock mechanics
  2. Geotechnical problems related with groundwater (pore-pressures, landslides, slope stability, dams and related problems, groundwater inflow into tunnels and excavation)

Geol  712HG          General Hydrogeology

  1. Groundwater resources evaluation(pumping tests)
  2. Hydrochemistry

(a)  Hydrochemical sequences and facies

(b)  Graphical methods and hydrochemistry

  1. Groundwater in Carbonate Terrain
  2. Groundwater in Crystalline Terrain
  3. Groundwater in Complex Sedimentary Terrain

Geol  713HG          Selected Topics in Hydrogeology

  1. General Hydrogeology of Myanmar
  2. Groundwater in Geologic Processes

(a)  Groundwater and Structural Geology

(b)  Groundwater and Petroleum Geology

(c)  Groundwater and Thermal Processes

(d)  Groundwater and Economic Mineralization

  1. Groundwater Pollution and Restoration
  2. Groundwater Modeling
  3. Groundwater Development and Management

Geol  714HG          Advanced Structural Geology and Engineering Mathematics

  1. Limits, Derivatives and Interation of Algebraic Funstions,
  2. Transcendental Functions, Plane Analytic Geometry,
  3. Linear Algaebra-vector in a-space, Vector Functions and Derivatives,Partial
  4. Differentiation, Multiple Integral and
  5. Solution of ordinary linear differential equations
  6. Advanced Structural Geology

*  Four term papers and seminars are required; at least two should be from Module No. 711HG

 

 

PROGRAMME FOR (D.A.G) COURSES

For Economic and Mining Geology  Specialization

Syllabus

E 501(A)                    English: Technical English course intended to give the student enough ability to converse, to read periodicals and write technical reports.

DAG 502-GS             Geostatistics and Data processing: Elementary Statistics, frequency distributions, mean, medium, mode and other measurements of distribution. Statistical decision theory. Correlation theory, Analysis of Multivariate data. Computer application in Applied Geology; Data collection and assessment ; Techniques for computer assisted analysis.

DAG 511-EMG         Industrial Mineralogy / Ore Mineralogy – I

Fundamentals of the atomic structure of minerals; Mode of formation of minerals and ores in economic metallic and non-metallic minerals. Principles of X-ray diffractometry and the use of X-ray power cameras and diffractometer. Principles of S.E.M. and their application. Nature of reflected light. Ore features and their interpretation. Phase relations. Nature of reflected light. Ore textures and their measurements. Study of selected ores and ore mineral under  microscope including textural studies.

DAG 512-EMG         Exploration Geophysics – I : Review of the basics in electromagnetic, electromics and vector analysis. Density, magnetic, electrical, conductivity, solubility and other physical and chemical characteristics of common ore and gangue minerals, Introduction to I.P., resistivity, electromagnetic , magnetic, gravity, radiometric and seismic refraction methods, simple laboratory exercises.

DAG 513-EMG         Exploration Geochemistry – I : Basic Principles. Field and analytical methods. Dispersion of elements ( secondary and primary ) and its applications in mineral exploration. Some mathematical and statistical methods applied in geochemical exploration. Laboratory exercises.

DAG 514-EMG(A)   Ore deposits – I : Types of ore deposits and their geological and geochemical characteristics. Use of isotopic and fluid inclusion data. Genetic models for ore formation.

DAG 515-EMG(A)   Economic and Mining Geology – I: General statement. Resources and reserves. Stages in mineral exploration. Mineral exploration techniques. Surveying for field geology. Drilling in mineral exploration. Exploration characteristics of ore deposits. Case studies. Laboratory exercises.

E 501(B)                    English: Technical English course intended to give the student enough ability to converse, to read periodicals and write technical reports.

DAG 514-EMG(B)   Ore deposits – II: Major geological environments with respect to the plate tectonic hypothesis, and associated ore deposits, and their characteristics. Applications of ore genesis modeling in defining the exploration criteria for the various ore deposits.

DAG 515-EMG(B)   Economic and Mining Geology – II : Sampling and valuation. Ore reserve calculations and grade controls. Mine surveying. Mining methods. Mineral dressing. Ore microscopy and extractive metallurgy. Marketing. Design and management in mineral exploration and development project. Environmental factors in mining industries.

DAG 521-EMG         Structural Geology:    Techniques of strain analysis and reconstruction of primary structures. Discussion of fracture patterns, shear zones, folding and boundinage. Statistical analysis of orientation data, superposed folding , domainal analysis of complex structures with practical work. Laboratory work of advanced subsurface methods and stereographic projection.

DAG 522-EMG         Remote Sensing and Photogeology include lectures and laboratory exercises useful in mineral exploration and Applied Geology.

DAG 523-EMG         Integrated Mineral Exploration ;  Ore controls. Case studies of mineral exploration dealing with world and Myanmar examples.

DAG 524-EMG         Field Work and Defense of Dissertation : Research works on assigned specialized Field; Preparation and defense of dissertation.

 

For Exploration Geophysics Specialization

 

E 501(A)                    English: Technical English course intended to give the student enough ability to converse, to read periodicals and write technical reports.

DAG 502-GS             Geostatistics and Data processing :  Elementary Statistics, frequency distributions, mean, medium, mode and other measurements of distribution. Statistical decision theory. Correlation theory, Analysis of Multivariate data. Computer application in Applied Geology; Data collection and assessment ; Techniques for computer assisted analysis.

DAG 511-GP             Industrial Mineralogy / Ore Mineralogy  – I Fundamentals of the atomic structure of minerals; Mode of formation of minerals and ores in economic metallic and non-metallic minerals. Principles of X-ray diffractometry and the use of X-ray power cameras and diffractometer. Principles of S.E.M. and their application. Nature of reflected light. Ore features and their interpretation. Phase relations. Nature of reflected light. Ore textures and their measurements. Study of selected ores and ore mineral under  microscope including textural studies.

DAG 512-GP (A)      Exploration Geophysics – I : Review of the basics in electromagnetic, electromics and vector analysis. Density, magnetic, electrical, conductivity, solubility and other physical and chemical characteristics of common ore and gangue minerals, Introduction to I.P., resistivity, electromagnetic, magnetic, gravity, radiometric and seismic refraction methods, Simple laboratory exercises.

DAG 513-GP             Exploration Geochemistry – I : Basic Principles. Field and analytical methods. Dispersion of elements (secondary and primary) and its applications in mineral exploration. Some mathematical and statistical methods applied in geochemical exploration. Laboratory exercises.

DAG 514-GP (A)      Ore deposits – I: Types of ore deposits and their geological and geochemical characteristics. Use of isotopic and fluid inclusion data. Genetic models for ore formation.

DAG 515-GP             Economic and Mining Geology – I: General Statement. Resources and reserves. Stages in mineral exploration. Mineral exploration techniques. Surveying for field geology. Drilling in mineral exploration. Exploration characteristics of oredeposits. Case studies. Laboratory exercises.

E 501(B)                    English: Technical English course intended to give the student enough ability to converse, to read periodicals and write technical reports.

DAG 512-GP(B)       Exploration Geophysics – II : Geophysical methods in exploration includes review of introductory course, induced polarization (frequency and time domains), resistivity ( mapping and sounding), electromagnetic ( Turam, Slingram, V.L.F) , and their applications, field procedures, interpretation and limitations. Also includes magnetic, radiometric, gravity, seismic refraction, airborne and borehole methods; Integrated geophysical surveys and case histories. Laboratory exercises; Instrumentation.

DAG 514-GP (B)      Ore deposits – II: Major geological environments with respect to the plate tectonic hypothesis, and associated ore deposits, and their characteristics. Applications of ore genesis modeling in defining the exploration criteria for the various ore deposits.

DAG 521-GP             Structural Geology: Techniques of strain analysis and reconstruction of primary structures. Discussion of fracture patterns, shear zones, folding and boundinage. Statistical analysis of orientation data, superposed folding, domainal analysis of complex structures with practical work. Laboratory work of advanced subsurface methods and stereographic projection.

DAG 522-GP             Remote Sensing and Photogeology include lectures and laboratory exercises useful in mineral exploration and Applied Geology.

DAG 523-GP             Integrated Mineral Exploration; Ore controls. Case studies of mineral exploration dealing with world and Myanmar examples.

DAG 524-GP             Field Work and Defense of Dissertation: Research works on assigned specialized field; Preparation and defense of dissertation.

 

For Exploration Geochemistry  Specialization

E 501(A)                    English : Technical English course intended to give the student enough ability to converse, to read periodicals and write technical reports.

DAG 502-GS             Geostatistics and Data processing : Elementary Statistics, frequency distributions, mean, medium, mode and other measurements of distribution. Statistical decision theory. Correlation theory, Analysis of Multivariate data. Computer application in Applied Geology; Data collection and assessment ; Techniques for computer assisted analysis.

DAG 511-GC            Industrial Mineralogy / Ore Mineralogy – I Fundamentals of the atomic structure of minerals; Mode of formation of minerals and ores in economic metallic and non-metallic minerals. Principles of X-ray diffractometry and the use of X-ray power cameras and diffractometer. Principles of S.E.M. and their application. Nature of reflected light. Ore features and their interpretation. Phase relations. Nature of reflected light. Ore textures and their measurements. Study of selected ores and ore mineral under  microscope including textural studies.

DAG 512-GC            Exploration Geophysics – I : Review of the basics in electromagnetic, electromics and vector analysis. Density, magnetic, electrical, conductivity, solubility and other physical and chemical characteristics of common ore and gangue minerals, Introduction to I.P., resistivity, electromagnetic , magnetic, gravity, radiometric and seismic refraction methods, Simple laboratory exercises.

DAG 513-GC(A)      Exploration Geochemistry – I :  Basic Principles. Field and analytical methods. Dispersion of elements ( secondary and primary ) and its applications in mineral exploration. Some mathematical and statistical methods applied in geochemical exploration. Laboratory exercises.

DAG 514-GC(A)      Ore deposits – I : Types of ore deposits and their geological and geochemical characteristics. Use of isotopic and fluid inclusion data. Genetic models for ore formation.

DAG 515-GC            Economic and Mining Geology – I: General Statement. Resources and reserves. Stages in mineral exploration. Mineral exploration techniques. Surveying for field geology. Drilling in mineral exploration. Exploration characteristics of ore deposits. Case studies. Laboratory exercises.

E 501(B)                    English: Technical English course intended to give the student enough ability to converse, to read periodicals and write technical reports.

DAG 513- GC(B)     Exploration Geochemistry -II : Geochemistry of the earth. Detailed studies of soil science. Secondary and primary dispersion of elements. Systematic methods and procedures of geochemical exploration. Data processing and interpretation techniques. Review of exploration geochemistry in Myanmar. Seminars and laboratory exercises.

DAG 514-GC(B)      Ore deposits – II: Major geological environments with respect to the plate tectonic hypothesis, and associated ore deposits, and their characteristics. Applications of ore genesis modeling in defining the exploration criteria for the various ore deposits.

DAG 521-GC            Structural Geology: Techniques of strain analysis and reconstruction of primary structures. Discussion of fracture patterns, shear zones, folding and boundinage. Statistical analysis of orientation data, superposed folding , domainal analysis of complex structures with practical work. Laboratory work of advanced subsurface methods and stereographic projection.

DAG 522-GC            Remote Sensing and Photogeology include lectures and laboratory exercises useful in mineral exploration and Applied Geology.

DAG 523-GC            Integrated Mineral Exploration :  Ore controls. Case studies of mineral exploration dealing with world and Myanmar examples.

DAG 524-GC            Field Work and Defense of Dissertation : Research works on assigned specialized field; Preparation and defense of dissertation.

 

For Industrial Mineralogy and  Ore Mineralogy  Specialization

E 501(A)                    English: Technical English course intended to give the student enough ability to converse, to read periodicals and write technical reports.

DAG 502-GS             Geostatistics and Data processing : Elementary Statistics, frequency distributions, mean, medium, mode and other measurements of distribution. Statistical decision theory. Correlation theory, Analysis of Multivariate data. Computer application in Applied Geology; Data collection and assessment ; Techniques for computer assisted analysis.

DAG 511-IM (A)      Industrial Mineralogy / Ore Mineralogy -I Fundamentals of the atomic structure of minerals; Mode of formation of minerals and ores in economic metallic and non-metallic minerals. Principles of X-ray diffractometry and the use of X-ray power cameras and diffractometer. Principles of S.E.M. and their application. Nature of reflected light. Ore features and their interpretation. Phase relations. Nature of reflected light. Ore textures and their measurements. Study of selected ores and ore mineral under  microscope including textural studies.

DAG 512-IM             Exploration Geophysics – I:  Review of the basics in electromagnetic, electromics and vector analysis. Density, magnetic, electrical, conductivity, solubility and other physical and chemical characteristics of common ore and gangue minerals, Introduction to I.P., resistivity, electromagnetic , magnetic, gravity, radiometric and seismic refraction methods, Simple laboratory exercises.

DAG 513- IM            Exploration Geochemistry – I :  Basic Principles. Field and analytical methods. Dispersion of elements ( secondary and primary ) and its applications in mineral exploration. Some mathematical and statistical methods applied in geochemical exploration. Laboratory exercises.

DAG 514-IM(A)       Ore deposits – I : Types of ore deposits and their geological and geochemical characteristics. Use of isotopic and fluid inclusion data. Genetic models for ore formation.

DAG 515-IM             Economic  and Mining Geology – I: General Statement. Resources and reserves. Stages in mineral exploration. Mineral exploration techniques. Surveying for field geology. Drilling in mineral exploration. Exploration characteristics of ore deposits. Case studies. Laboratory exercises.

E 501(B)                    English: Technical English course intended to give the student enough ability to converse, to read periodicals and write technical reports.

DAG 511-IM(B)       Industrial mineralogy/ Ore Mineralogy – II : Advanced methods in mineralogy includes ore microscopy; X-ray diffraction; emission spectrography; differential thermal analysis; their basic principles, techniques, interpretation, limitations and practical applications.

Ore mineralogy includes crystal chemistry, principal mineral groups, native metals and semimetals, sulphides and sulphosalts, oxides. Industrial mineralogy includes abrasives, mineral pigments, glasses and enamels, ceramics and refractories, bonding materials, fillers and filters, single crystals, construction materials, metallurgical industry and commodities.

DAG 514-IM(B)       Ore deposits – II: Major geological environments with respect to the plate tectonic hypothesis, and associated ore deposits, and their characteristics. Applications of ore genesis modeling in defining the exploration criteria for the various ore deposits.

DAG 521-IM             Structural Geology: Techniques of strain analysis and reconstruction of primary structures. Discussion of fracture patterns, shear zones, folding and boundinage. Statistical analysis of orientation data, superposed folding , domainal analysis of complex structures with practical work. Laboratory work of advanced subsurface methods and stereographic projection.

DAG 522-IM             Remote Sensing and Photogeology include lectures and laboratory exercises useful in mineral exploration and Applied Geology.

DAG 523-IM             Integrated Mineral Exploration ;  Ore controls. Case studies of mineral exploration dealing with world and Myanmar examples.

DAG 524-IM             Field Work and Defense of Dissertation : Research works on assigned specialized field; Preparation and defense of dissertation.

 

For Gemmology  Specialization

E 501(A)                    English: Technical English course intended to give the student enough ability to converse, to read periodicals and write technical reports.

DAG 502-GS             Geostatistics and Data processing : Elementary Statistics, frequency distributions, mean, medium, mode and other measurements of distribution. Statistical decision theory. Correlation theory, Analysis of Multivariate data. Computer application in Applied Geology; Data collection and assessment ; Techniques for computer assisted analysis.

DAG 511-GM           Industrial Mineralogy / Ore Mineralogy – I Fundamentals of the atomic structure of minerals; Mode of formation of minerals and ores in economic metallic and non-metallic minerals. Principles of X-ray diffractometry and the use of X-ray power cameras and diffractometer. Principles of S.E.M. and their application. Nature of reflected light. Ore features and their interpretation. Phase relations. Nature of reflected light. Ore textures and their measurements. Study of selected ores and ore mineral under  microscope including textural studies

DAG 512-GM           Mineral dressing : Basic theory, comminution, liberation and grindability; conventional comminution equipments. Screening and classification; types of screen. Physical concentration process; gravity concetration; jigs, electronic and optical sorting; electrical and magnetic separation. Chemical concentration process; Leaching Cyanidation and amalgamation, Floatation: Liquid-solid separation: Flocation : Thickening, Filtration. Pollution control.

DAG 513-GM(A)     Gemmology – I : Introduction to Gemmology : The nature of gemmology and gemstones,; classification of natural and artificial  stones; Formation of minerals and types of occurrence of gems; Elementary crystal chemistry and crystallography ; Physical Properties; Units of Measurement; Nature of light.

DAG 514-GM           Ore deposits – I : Types of ore deposits and their geological and geochemical characteristics. Use of isotopic and fluid inclusion data. Genetic models for ore formation.

DAG 515-GM(A)     Gemmology-II: Optical Properties; Apparatus used in identification; Fashioning of gemstones; Description and elementary methods of identification of gems.

E 501(B)                    English: Technical English course intended to give the student enough ability to converse, to read periodicals and write technical reports.

DAG 513-GM(B)     Advanced Gemmology – I : Crystal Chemistry and crystallography; Light and colour, Apparatus used in identificaion; Synthetic and imitation ( Simulant stones); Inclusion in Gemstones.

DAG 515-GM(B)     Advanced Gemmology – II : Enhancement of Gemstone; Gem species (a) Inorganic Gems and (b) Organic products and their common simulants.

DAG 521-GM           Structural Geology: Techniques of strain analysis and reconstruction of primary structures. Discussion of fracture patterns, shear zones, folding and boundinage. Statistical analysis of orientation data, superposed folding , domainal analysis of complex structures with practical work. Laboratory work of advanced subsurface methods and stereographic projection.

DAG 522-GM           Remote Sensing and Photogeology include lectures and laboratory exercises useful in mineral exploration and Applied Geology.

DAG 523-GM           Exploration for Gemstones: Application of Remote Sensing, Geochemistry, Geophysics and Geology. Extraction of Gemstones.

DAG- 524-GM          Field Work and Defense of Dissertation : Research works on assigned specialized field; Preparation and defense of dissertation.

 

For Engineering Geology  Specialization

E 501(A)                    English : Technical English course intended to give the student enough ability to converse, to read periodicals and write technical reports.

DAG 502-GS             Geostatistics and Data processing: Elementary Statistics, frequency distributions, mean, medium, mode and other measurements of distribution. Statistical decision theory. Correlation theory, Analysis of Multivariate data. Computer application in Applied Geology; Data collection and assessment ; Techniques for computer assisted analysis.

DAG 511-EG Environmental Geology : Introduction; Nature and aspects of various geologic hazards; Ways and means of mitigating these hazards; Proper use and care for Earth resources; Waste disposal problems.

DAG 512-EG Exploration Geophysics – I:   Review of the basics in electromagnetic, electromics and vector analysis. Density, magnetic, electrical, conductivity, solubility and other physical and chemical characteristics of common ore and gangue minerals, Introduction to I.P., resistivity, electromagnetic , magnetic, gravity, radiometric and seismic refraction methods, Simple laboratory exercises.

DAG 513-EG(A)      Engineering Geology – I : Scope and aim of engineering geology; Basic principles of engineering structures ; Geologic conditions for engineers.

DAG 514-EG(A)      Soil Mechanics – I: Basic principles of soil mechanics; methods of testing soil properties.

DAG 515-EG Rock Mechanics: Basic Principles of rock mechanics. Interpretation of the geologic conditions concerning the safety of engineering structures, Studies made in the construction of the shafts, drifts, tunnels, mine pillars, rock foundations and slopes, etc.

E 501(B)                    English: Technical English course intended to give the student enough ability to converse, to read periodicals and write technical reports.

DAG 513-EG(B)       Engineering Geology – II : Selected topics in case histories and engineering geological problems. Site visit.

DAG 514-EG(B)       Soil Mechanics – II: Continuation of DAG 4306-EG Various engineering problems, such as foundation settlement, slope stability, seepage and drainage.

DAG 521-EG Structural Geology: Techniques of strain analysis and reconstruction of primary structures. Discussion of fracture patterns, shear zones, folding and boundinage. Statistical analysis of orientation data, superposed folding , domainal analysis of complex structures with practical work. Laboratory work of advanced subsurface methods and stereographic projection.

DAG 522- EG           Remote Sensing and Photogeology include lectures and laboratory exercises useful in mineral exploration and Applied Geology.

DAG 523- EG           Hydrogeology for Engineering Geology: Basic principles of hydrogeology, Groundwater reservoirs, and hydrogeological exploration methods.

DAG 524- EG           Field Work and Defense of Dissertation : Research works on assigned specialized field; Preparation and defense of dissertation.

 

For Hydrogeology  Specialization

E 501(A)                    English: Technical English course intended to give the student enough ability to converse, to read periodicals and write technical reports.

DAG 502-GS             Geostatistics and Data processing: Elementary Statistics, frequency distributions, mean, medium, mode and other measurements of distribution. Statistical decision theory. Correlation  theory, Analysis of Multivariate data. Computer application in Applied Geology; Data collection and assessment ; Techniques for computer assisted analysis.

DAG 511-HG            Environmental Geology :. Introduction; Nature and aspects of various geologic hazards; Ways and means of mitigating these hazards; Proper use and care for Earth resources; Waste disposal problems.

DAG 512-HG            Exploration Geophysics -I:    Review of the basics in electromagnetic, electronics and vector analysis. Density, magnetic, electrical, conductivity, solubility and other physical and chemical characteristics of common ore and gangue minerals, Introduction to I.P., resistivity, electromagnetic , magnetic, gravity, radiometric and seismic refraction methods, Simple laboratory exercises.

DAG 513-HG(A)      Hydrochemistry – I: Principles of hydrogeochemistry. Chemical nature of groundwater, analysis and chemical classification.

DAG 514-HG(A)      Groundwater Well  Hydraulics – I: Basis of groundwater well hydraulics; hydraulics; hydraulic characteristics of rocks; aquifers and groundwater occurrence; hydraulic characteristics of aquifers.

DAG 515-HG            General Hydrology : Hydrologic cycle, Measurement of precipitation, Evaporation & transipiration. Runoff and stream flow; Introduction to hydraulics; Pipe flow; Pumps and their characteristics.

E 501(B)                    English: Technical English course intended to give the student enough ability to converse, to read periodicals and write technical reports.

DAG 513-HG(B)      Hydrochemistry- II: Continuation of DAG 513-HG. Salinity and alkalinity problems of soils with Myanmar examples, mineral factors, and hydrochemical dispersion of elements in groundwater.

DAG 514-HG(B)      Groundwater Well  Hydraulics – II : Continuation of DAG  514- HG. Methods of pumping test; aquifer boundaries and groundwater flownets; multiple well system; partially penetrating wells; and well spacing problems.

DAG 521-HG            Structural Geology: Techniques of strain analysis and reconstruction of primary structures. Discussion of fracture patterns, shear zones, folding and boundinage. Statistical analysis of orientation data, superposed folding , domainal analysis of complex structures with practical work. Laboratory work of advanced subsurface methods and stereographic projection.

DAG 522-HG            Remote Sensing and Photogeology include lectures and laboratory  exercises useful in mineral exploration and Applied Geology.

DAG 523-HG            Exploration  methods and Regional Hydrogeology : Classification of aquifers for water supply; hydrogeologic investigation of groundwater for industry, irrigation, etc; hydrogeologic nature of dry zone region; and regional hydrogeology of Myanmar.

DAG- 524-HG          Field Work and Defense of Dissertation : Research works on assigned specialized field; Preparation and defense of dissertation.

 

For Petroleum  Geology  Specialization

E 501(A)                                English: Technical English course intended to give the student enough ability to converse, to read periodicals and write technical reports.

DAG 502-GS                         Geostatistics and Data processing: Elementary  Statistics, frequency distributions, mean, medium, mode and other measurements of distribution. Statistical decision theory. Correlation theory, Analysis of Multivariate data. Computer application in Applied Geology; Data collection and assessment ; Techniques for computer assisted analysis.

DAG 511-PG(A)                   Applied Paleontology: Morphology, Paleoecology, methods of sampling and preparation of various microfossil groups including foraminifera and spores; practical introduction to procedures in micropaleontological laboratories and biostratigraphical methods.

Sedimentology : Textures and structures of sediments; Petrology of sandstones and limestones; processes of deposition ; environmental and basin analysis.

DAG 512-PG(A)                   Exploration Geophysics – I:  Review of the basics in electromagnetic, electromics and vector analysis. Density, magnetic, electrical, conductivity, solubility and other physical and chemical characteristics of common ore and gangue minerals, Introduction to I.P., resistivity, electromagnetic , magnetic, gravity, radiometric and seismic refraction methods, Simple laboratory exercises.

DAG 513-PG                         Petroleum Exploration : The search for hydrocarbon deposits has led to the development of subsurface branches of stratigraphy, micropaleontology, structural geology and exploration geophysics. This course introduces the student to the application and interaction of these four branches in the exploration for oil and gas.Source, reservoirs, traps, origin, migration, physical and  chemical properties and distribution of petroleum,  as well as conservation and utilization of hydrocarbon resources are discussed along with drilling, well logging, magnetic, gravity and seismic method. Laboratory work includes well-sample examination, subsurface contour mapping, sedimentary basin evaluation and electrical log correlation.

DAG 514-PG                         Log Interpretation : Application of electric logs, practical analysis of electrical, radioactivity and temperature Logs and interpretation, base upon their data. Estimation and evaluation of primary oil reserves.

DAG 515-PG                         Applied Petroleum Geochemistry : Concepts in Geochemistry, Sedimentation of organic matter, composition and structure of organic matter in Immature sediments, transformation of organic matter into Hydrocarbon, source rock character and types of organic matter, oil window area, Migration of hydrocarbon, oil in reservoir and Traps, Geochemical methods and tools in petroleum explorations, and methods to get require data for explorationist.

E 501(B)                                English: Technical English course intended to give the student enough ability to converse, to read periodicals and write technical reports.

DAG 511-PG(B)                   Applied Paleontology: Morphology, Paleoecology, methods of sampling and preparation of various microfossil groups including foraminifera and spores; practical introduction to procedures in micropaleontological laboratories and biostratigraphical methods.

Sedimentology : Textures and structures of sediments; Petrology of sandstones and limestones; processes of deposition ; environmental and basin analysis.

DAG 512-PG(B)                   Petroleum Geophysics : An advanced course in exploration with emphasis on the techniques and interpretation of seismic reflection measurements. Other topics include theory of selected logging methods, and dynamic gravity measurement. Laboratory assignment include computer processing of field data, and interpretation of problems.

DAG 521-PG                         Structural Geology: Techniques of strain analysis and reconstruction of primary structures. Discussion of fracture patterns, shear zones, folding and boundinage. Statistical analysis of orientation data, superposed folding , domainal analysis of complex structures with practical work. Laboratory work of advanced subsurface methods and stereographic projection.

DAG 522-PG                         Remote Sensing and Photogeology include lectures and laboratory exercises useful in mineral exploration and Applied Geology.

DAG 523-PG                         Formation Evaluation and Risk Analysis : Properties of reservoir rocks and fluids, Data evaluation for reservoir calculations water drive and solution gas drive, gas drive oil reservoirs, dissolved gas drive, gas cap drive and water drive oil reservoirs. Infection operations and water flooding process, Pressure maintenance.

DAG 524- PG            Field Work and Defense of Dissertation : Research works on Oil field development ; Test well drilling; Cementing; Biostratigraphy  and Risk Analysis in oil business; Preparation and defense of Dissertation.